2019-03-27 11:49:54 来源:沪江英语

Part I Wrting


Part II Listening Comprehension Section A

1. M:After Mgh school,I'd like to go to coHege and major in business administration.

W:But I'd rather spend my college days funding out how children learn.

Q:What do we learn from the conversation?D)。

2.W:Is everything ready for the conference?

M:The only thing left to do is set up the microphones and speakers.They’U be here in a few minutes.

Q:What preparations have yet to be made? B)。

3.W:Is it almost time to go home now?I'm so tired.I can hardly see straight.

M:Just a few more minutes.then we can 90.

Q:What is the wolnall’s problem? A)。

4.W:I'm not sure what I'm in a mood for.Ice-creain or sandwiches?They are both really good here.

M:The movie starts in an hour.And we still have to get there and park.So just make a decision.

Q:What does the man mean? C)。

5. W: Tom said he would come to repair our solar heater when he has time.

M: He often says he is willing to help, but he never seems to have time.

Q: What does the man imply about Tom? B) o

6. W: So you know that Sam turned down the job offered by the travel agency?

M: Yes. The hours were convenient. But if he had accepted it, he wouldn't be able to make ends meet.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation? C) o '

7. M: Could you tell me a bit about the business your company is doing?

W : We mainly deal with large volume buyers from western countries and our products have been well received.

Q: What business is the woman's company doing? A) o

8. W: Yesterday I made reservations for my trip to Miami next month.

M: You must really be looking forward to it. You haven't had an,v time off for at least two years.

Q: What is the woman going to do? D) o

Conversation One

M: Excuse me. I need some information about some of the towns near here. W: What would you like to know?

M: Well, first,

(9)I’d like directions to go to Norwalk. I believe there is an interesting museum there. It isn't far, is it? W: No, not at all. Norwalk is about eighteen miles east of here on Route 7. And you're right. It's a-wonderful little museum.

M: Oh, good. Now what about Amitsville? I have some friends. I'd like to visit there and I also want to get to Newton. They are near each other, aren't they?

w: Hmm. well.

( 10 ) they are acialally in opposite directions. Amitsville is northeast. It's about thirty-five miles northeast of here.

M.. Huh-uh, thirty-five miles northeast. And how about Newton?

W: Well, ( 10 ) Newton is in the other direction. It's southwest, so it isn't really very close to Amitsville at all and it's a long drive. It's about fifty-five miles southwest from here and the road is not at all stxaight.

M: Fifty-five miles southwest Well, maybe I won't go there this time.

W: I'd recommend visiting Westfield or Great Town. They are both very close. Westfield is just seven miles west of here and Great Town is about five miles south. ( 11 ) They are really pretty little towns with lots of old houses and beautiful tree-lined streets.

M: I see. Seven miles west to Westfield and five relies south to Great Town. Good. Well. I think that's all the information I'll need for a while. Thank you. You've been very helpful.

W: You're welcome, sir I hope you enjoy your stay.

9. What does the man know about Norwalk? B) 。

10. What does the woman say about Amitsville and Newton? A) 。

11. What do we learn about Westfield and Great Town? C) 。

Conversation Two

M: Err... Sandra, I've finished with Mr Gartner now. ( 12 ) Do you think you could pop through and bring me up to date on the arrangements for the Italian trip?

W: Certainly, Mr Wilkinson. I'll bring everything with me. M: Right. take a seat. Now my first meeting is when?

W: Your first meeting is on Monday the 21st at 9:00 a.m. with Dr. Gucci of Bancosen Piedra in Milan. M: OK. So can I fly out early Monday morning?

W: Well, there is a flight to Linate Airport which leaves at 6:30 London time and gets in at 8:30 Italian time.

M: Yeah, but that only leaves me 30 minutes to clear customs in getting to the city center and (13) it means I have to check in by 5:30, which means leaving home at about 4:15.

W: I'm afraid so.

M: Hmm... not so keen on that. What's the program for the rest of that day?

W: It's quite full, I'm afraid. At 11:00, you're seeing Gianni Riva at Megastar and (14) then you'll have a lunch engagement with Gavin from the Chamber of Commerce at 1:00.

M: Where's that?

W: You're meeting him at his office and then he's taking you somewhere. M: Good, that sounds fine. What about the afternoon?

W: Well, at 3:30, you're seeing our sales representative there and then you're free till the evening. M: I see. I seem to remember that I'm having dinner with someone from Bergamo.

W: That's right. And Mr Betty from SAP Industries at 8:00.

12. What would the man like the woman to do? B)。

13. At what time is Mr Wilkinson going to leave home for the airport? D) 。

14. Who is Mr Wilkinson going to have lunch with on Monday? D)。

15~ What is most probably the woman's job? C)。

Section B

Passage One

Donna Fredrick's served with the Peace Corps for two years in Brazil. (16) She joined the Peace Corps after she graduated from the college because she wanted to do someing to help other people. (17) She had been brought up on a farm, so the Peace Corps assigned her to an agricultural project. Before she went to Brazil, she studied Portuguese for three months. She also learned a great deal about its history and culture. During her two years with the Peace Corps, Donna lived in a village in northeastern Brazil. That part of Brazil is very dry and farming is often difficult there. Donna helped the people of the village to organize an irrigation project, and she also advised them on planting corps that didn't require much water. When Donna returned to the States, she couldn't settle down. (18) She tried several jobs, but they seemed very boring to her. She couldn't get Brazil out of her mind. Finally, one day she got on a plane and went back to Brazil. She wasn't sure what she was going to do. She just wanted to be there. After a few weeks, Donna found a job as an English teacher, teaching five classes a day. Like most of the teachers, she doesn't make much money. She shares a small apartment with another teacher. ( 19 ) And she makes a little extra money by sending stories to newspapers in the States. Eventually she wants to quit teaching and work as a full-time journalist.16. Why did Donna join the Peace Corps after she graduated from college? A) o

17. What was Donna assigned to do in Brazil? B) 。

18. Why did Donna go back to Brazil once again? D) 。

19. How did Donna make extra money to support herself? B) 。

Passage Two

(20) Results of a recent Harry's poll on free time shows that the average-work week for many Americans is 50 hours. With the time spent eating, sleeping and taking care of household duties. ( 20 ) there's little time left for leisure activities for many Americans. However, having free time to relax and pursue hobbies is important. People need time away from the pressures of study or work to relax and enjoy time with friends and family. In different countries, free time is spent in different ways. (21)The results of a Harry's poll showed that reading was the most popular spare time activity in the US. This-was followed by watching TV. In a UK survey on leisure time activities. watching TV and videos was most popular. Listening to the radio came second. In a similar survey conducted in Japan, the most popular free time activity was eating out. The second most popular activity was driving. There were also differences in the most popular outdoor pursuits between the three countries. The most popular outdoor activity for Americans was gardening. (22) In the UK, it was going to the pub. In Japan, going to bars ranked eighth in popularity and gardening ranked ninth. Although people around the world may enjoy doing similar things in their free time, there's evidence to suggest that these interests are changing. In the US, for example, the popularity of computer activities is increasing. Many more people in the States are spending their free time surfing the Web, e- mafling friends or playing games online.

20. What is the recent Harry's Poll mainly about? C) 。

21. What was the most popular leisure activity in the US? A) 。

22 What was the most popular outdoor pursuit in the UK? C) o。

Passage Three

(23) On March 13, while on duty, Charles McLaughlin, a very careless driver employed by the company Lummis was involved in another accident. The accident occurred in Riverside California. Not paying attention to his driving, McLaughlin turned right on main street in 33rd street and hit Volkswagen Rabbit. This caused minor damage to his truck and serious damage to the car. (23) On the basis of the police report, the Lummis Accident Committee correctly determined that McLaughlin had been quite careless. As a result of the committee's conclusion, the branch manager Mr David Roasi reported that he had talked with McLaughlin about his extremely poor driving record. Further evidence of McLaughlin's irresponsibility occurred on May 6 when he was returning from his shift. That day he ran into a roll-up door at the Lummis facility in Valero, causing significant damage to the door. Damage to the

truck, however, was minor. ( 24 ) Finally, on June 7, McLaughlin once again demonstrated his carelessness by knocking down several mailboxes near the edge of the company's parking lot. There wss damage to the mailboxes and minor damage to the truck. Mr David Rossi stated that he had spoken with McLaughlin on several occasions about his driving record. (25)He added that he had warned Mclaughlin that three preventable accidents in one year could lead to his discharge,as indeed it should. .

23. What did the Lummis Accident Committee find out about the accident that occurred on March 13? D )。

24. What did McLaughlin do on June 7 near the edge of the company's parking lot? B) 。

25. What is most probably going to happen to McLaughlin? A) 。

Section C

26. apart and alone

27. instead of

28. similar

29. custom

30. controlled

31. define

32. exist

33. departures

34. startled

35. cheeks

Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension Section A



37. E


39. A

40. J

41. G


43. C

44. L



Section B




48. I

49. C



52. A

transactions online是原文中的They chose their rookies and paid for everything online的同义转述, 故答案为A)。

53.The sharing economy is likely to go the way of

online shopping.


定位:由题干中的sharh“g economy和online shoppin9定位到文章G)段。


54.One advantage of sharLR9 1s that owners economy from renting out items not made full use of.

译文:共享经济的一大优势就是所有者能通过 出租他们无法物尽其用的物品来赚钱。

定位:由题干中的earn money和items not made use of定位到文章E)段。

E)。详解:本段从出租者、承租者和环保三个方 面说明“协作消费”的优势。对于出租者来说,他们 可以物尽其用并有所收入,作者引用了Airbnb和 RelayRides两家网络平台的数据来说明“协作消费” 对出租者的优势。题干中的items not made use of 是原文中的underused的同义转述,故答案为E)。

55.Sharing appeals to the sociable in that they can meet new people. .


定位:由题干中的sociable和meet new people 定位到文章F)段。

F)。详解:该段提到两种人:一种人喜欢社交, 正因如此,共享经济深深地吸引了他们;另一种人脾 气倔强,不信任他人,这种人是不会赞同共享经济的。题干中的appeals to,the sociable和meet new people分别是原文中charm,sociable souls和 meeting new people的同义转述,故答案为F)。

Section C

Passage One


56.A)。定位:由题干中的appetite和food intake定位到文章首段第一句。

。详解:事实细节题。文章开篇指出了人们的食欲和食物摄取受到诸多因素的影响,包括人们的饮食环境和对面 前食物的认知,故答案为A)。B)“食物中所含的成分”,文章仅在第六段提到了奶昔中含有卡路里,包装上对卡路里 含量的标注会给人们造成心理暗示,这主要是用来论证对食物数量的认知会影响人们的饮食,而非从所含成分方面分 析对人们饮食造成的影响,可以排除;c)“我们饮食的时间”和D)“我们饮食的速度”,文中均未提及,可以排除。

67.D)。定位:由题干中的remembered和previous meal定位到文章第兰段第二句。

详解:推理判断题。定位句指出,饭后)ttJ,时后,决定人们饥饿程度的不是他们已食用的食物量,而是他们吃 饭时面前所见到的食物量,也就是说,影响人们饥饿程度的是他们记忆中的食物量而不是胃里的食物量。由此可推 断,记忆对饮食造成影响,如果记忆中上顿饭吃了很多,那么不管是不是真的吃了很多,都不会感觉太饿,故答案为

58. B



Passage Two


61. B

排除;c)“它鼓励学生终生学习”,根据文章可知,学生只有终生学习,掌握不断学习的技能,才能适应未来社会的变 化。因此“鼓励学生终生学习”是实现理想教育的要求之一,故可以排除;D)“它确保学生的期望顺利实现”,文中没 有提及,故可以排除。

62.D)。定位 由题干中的problem,high school定位到文章第二段。

详解:事实细节题。作者在文章第二段论述了目前高中教育存在的问题,如提供给学生的就业准备不足,造成 了经济中不断扩大的技能差距。盲目鼓励学生读大学造成了目前世界上最高的大学辍学率,故答案为D)。A)“忽 裕那些不上大学的学生的需要”,文中没有提及,故可以排除;B)“只教授毕业之后能够立即用到的技能”,文中作 者指出高中提供给学生的就业准备不足,由此可推测,学校没有教授学生必备的工作技能,故可以排除;c)“很少注 意到学习E有困难的学生”,文中没有提及,故可以排除。

63.c)。定位:宙题干中的knowledge economy定位到文章第四段第二旬。

详解:推理判断题。第四段第二句中提到,在知识型经济中,职业角色迅速变化,很多大学生为之准备的职位 甚至可能还不存在。由此可推断,知识型经济的特征是职业的迅速变化,新的职位不断地被创造,有些读书时还不 存在的职位可能在毕业时出现,届时,在学校里学到的知识就远远不够了,因此人们需要持续学习来适应这些不断 被创造出的新职位,故答案为C)。A)“人们必须接受高等教育才有资格担任专业的技术职务”文中没有提及,故可 排除;B)“文科专业的学生找工作困难”,文章中提到大学生为之准备的职位甚至不存在,这句话强调的是职位迅速 变化这一现象,而不是学生找不到工作的问题,而且作者也没有涉及不同学科的学生,故可以排除;D)“大学发现很 难教授学生如何应付不断变化的经济”,根据文章可知,作者呼吁学校培养学生适应不断变化的未来的能力,因此 D)讲的是目前大学可能存在的问题,而不是知识型经济的特征,故可以排除。

64.c)。定位:由题干中的liberal arts college定位到文章第五段第一句。

详解:事实细节题。文章第五段提到在文理学院,这些培训比任何一门专业都重要。“这些培训”指上文提到 的“学会在口头和书面陈述中很好地表达观点,知道如何寻找信息并且知道如何做调查研究”,而这些技能培训是 为了使学生适应未来的变化,故答案为C)。A)“特殊领域里扎实的背景知识”,根据文章可知,文理学院应注重广 泛培养学生适应未来的基本技能,而不是仅仅针对特殊领域,故可以排除;B)“当前社会急需的实用技能”。文章强 调.知识型经济的特征是职业的迅速变化,因此只培养当前社会急需的实用技能,虽能取得暂时的成效,但是对于适 应未来的变化来说是远远不够的,故可以排除;D)“对高级学术研究有帮助的思维技熊”,文章指出我们需要继续重 视并广泛培养将会终生受益的思维技能,这种思维技能是基础技能,而不只针对高级学术研究,故可以排除。


详解:事实细节题。最后一段提到,“由于家长在大学阶段的参与,通向成年的漫长道路看起来好像更长了”, 这句话我们可以理解为家长在大学阶段过多参与孩子的教育会影响孩子的成长。文章最后指出“学会何时何地进 行干预将会有助于学生享受这些日益昂贵的教育所带来的成果。”也就是说,作者建议家长学会适当的参与,避免 过多的干预,这样才能使孩子更好地成长,使教育取得更大的成效,故答案为D)。A)“反思高等教育的价值”,这是 作者在文章首段对所有人的呼吁,而不是针对家长提出的建议,可以排除;B)“明智地投资孩子的教育”,文章中并 宋提及,故可以排除;C)“帮助孩子尽情发挥才智”,这个观点本身是正确的,但不是文章表述的内容,故可以排除。

Part IV Translation 参考译文

Many people are fond of Chinese cuisine. In China, cooking is regarded not only as a craftsmanship, but also as an art. A well-prepared Chinese cuisine is both tasty and good-looking. Cooking skills and dish ingredients vary a Io! in different regions of China. However, good Chinese cuisines always share something in common, that is, the color, aroma, taste and nutrition. As food is vital for one's health, a good chef is always trying to strike a balance among grains, meat and vegetables. That's why Chinese cuisine is tasty and healthy.


1.第一句中,“中餐”可以译为Chinese cuisine或Chinese food。

2.第二句中,注意被动语态的使用,“被视为”可译为be regarded as…。“不仅……而且……”译为not only…but also…结构,此处需注意句子平衡,not only和but als0后面所接的成分的结构应该一致,这里使用了两个介宾短语, as a craftsmanship和as an art。



5.第五句中,注意句子衔接,此处是转折关系,可选用however。“有共同点”可译为share something in COIRIIIOIl。翻 译“总是要考虑到……”时,为求简洁,没有必要直译,可用that is或i.e.来连接。解释上文提到的共同点。

6.第六句中,注意句子衔接,连接词除because外,还可选用as或since来表示原因。“对……至关重要”可泽为be vital for…。“努力”可译为姆to do或make effort to do,“取得平衡”可译为strike st balance。